Saturday , 26 September 2020

IsraelPalestine For Critical Thinkers: #13 Accord and Discord*

IsraelPalestine For Critical Thinkers: #13 Accord and Discord

In this episode of Israel-Palestine For Critical Thinkers, Richard Bass discusses the events leading up to the First Intifada, as well as the accords and peace treaties negotiated by Arab and Israeli leaders in the early 1990s.

PLO: The Palestine Liberation Organization is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the “liberation of Palestine” through armed struggle, with much of its violence aimed at Israeli civilians.

The official PLO emblem shows the Palestinian flag above a map of Palestine

1982 PLO War:- The 1982 Lebanon War, or Operation Peace for Galilee began on 6 June 1982, when the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) invaded southern Lebanon, after repeated attacks and counter-attacks between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) operating in southern Lebanon and the IDF that had caused civilian casualties on both sides of the border. 


Map of the military situation in Lebanon in 1983
Map Legend
     Purple: Controlled by the Lebanese Front and allied militias     
Green: Controlled by the Syrian Army     
Yellow: Controlled by the Israeli Defense Forces     
Blue: Administered by the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFL)

Hezbollah:- literally “Party of Allah” or “Party of God” is a Shia Islamist political party and militant group based in Lebanon.

This is a logo for Hezbollah. Fair Use

Intifada:- An intifada is a rebellion or uprising, or a resistance movement.

Peace Now:- is a non-governmental organization, liberal advocacy and activist group in Israel with the aim of promoting a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Logo of Peace Now. Fair Use

Hamas:- Hamas is a Palestinian Sunni-Islamic fundamentalist militant organization. It has been the de facto governing authority of the Gaza Strip since its takeover of that area in 2007. During this period it fought several wars with Israel. Israel, the United States and the European Union classify, either in whole or in part, Hamas as a terrorist organization. 


This is a logo of Hamas  Fair Use

Fatah:- Fatah is a Palestinian nationalist social democratic political party and the largest faction of the confederated multi-party Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)


Official Fatah Flag. Photo: MrPenguin20

Oslo Accord:- The Oslo Accords are a pair of agreements between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO): the Oslo I Accord, signed in Washington, D.C., in 1993; and the Oslo II Accord, signed in Taba, Egypt, in 1995. The Oslo Accords marked the start of the Oslo process, a peace process aimed at achieving a peace treaty based on United Nations Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 

Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, U.S. president Bill Clinton, and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat. נחלת הכלל

Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty:- The Treaty of Peace Between the State of Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was signed in 1994. The signing ceremony took place at the southern border crossing of Arabah on 26 October 1994. Jordan was the second Arab country, after Egypt, to sign a peace accord with Israel.

U.S. President Bill Clinton (center) watches Jordan’s King Hussein (left) and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (right) sign the Washington Declaration on the White House lawn, which ended the state of official enmity between the two countries, July 1994
Government Press Office (Israel)

Yitzhak Rabin:- Yitzhak Rabin was an Israeli politician, statesman and general. He was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms in office, 1974–77, and 1992 until his assassination in 1995.

Jewish Timeline – A Brief History of the Jewish People on One Page

Approved and recommended by the Israeli Ministry of Education.

6,000 Years of Jewish history & legacy at a glance on a one-page infographic.
The poster-chart combines different fields on a single timeline such as demography, literature, Jewish and World events, traditions, historical figures and more. Every entry on the timeline is a hot-spot that pops a balloon with an image, further reading and useful links (Wikipedia & more). In addition, you may freely download and print a high resolution version of the Odyeda Jewish Timeline in PDF format in white or parchment backgrounds.

About Israel and You

Cameling in the holy land since forever