Ein Evrona – עין עברונה
Ein Evrona is an ancient well that is located on the edge of the Evrona salt marsh. In times gone by the water would rise and overflow onto the surrounding countryside. Nowadays the well is dry due to a drop in the level of the ground water. Upon arrival to Ein Evrona one sees a series of round mounds with a depression in their midst. This method of an underground water system dates back to the ancient Muslim period, is called Fogaras and is based on a two-thousand-year-old Persian method that is used until today in Iran. How to get there: Turn east off the Arava Highway onto an unpaved road. Follow the signs to Be’er Evrona.
The ancient agricultural settlement of Avrona Farms dates from around the 9th century and utilised a 1.5km long network of underground tunnels to bring water here that would enable farming (the local water has a very high salt content). The technique is known in local Arabic as fugarrot (in Persia, whence it originates, it is known as a qanat system). One can crawl through the small tunnels.
Avrona, or Evrona, was an old farming village near Eilat from the 7th-9th centuries. The inhabitants were able to farm the area due to the underground spring nearby. A deep well was dug, and tunnels carried the water by gravitation to the cultivated fields. The runoff from the rains in the Eilat mountains was also captured by the village inhabitants.
The Doum Palms as well. These are the northernmost site of this type of Palm tree, which is common in Egypt. The Doum palm has an edible fruit, and its fibres and leaflets are used to weave baskets in some countries. You cannot turn towards Evrona from the north, due to the barrier in the road.
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