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IsraelPalestine For Critical Thinkers: #11 Owners or Occupiers *

The Cave of the Patriarchs is one of the most famous holy sites in the West Bank - holy to Muslims and Jews. Photo: Antoine Taveneaux

Israel and Palestine For Critical Thinkers: #11 Owners or Occupiers

In this episode of Israel and Palestine For Critical Thinkers, Richard Bass explores the United Nation’s adoption of Resolution 242 and the differing interpretations of it by the Arab States and Israel.

Map of the West Bank
Map of the West Bank – Public Domain

The West Bank – الضفة الغربية – Judaea and Samaria

The West Bank is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, bordered by Jordan to the east and by the Green Line separating it and Israel on the south, west and north. The name was given to the territory captured by Jordan in the aftermath of the 1948 Israeli War of Independence later  occupied by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War.

Suez Crisis – The Second Arab–Israeli War – The Sinai War

The Sinai Peninsula is a peninsula in Egypt in Asia. Israel invaded and occupied Sinai during the Suez Crisis in the coordinated attack by the UK, France and Israel in 1956 (the Sinai War).

The Six Day War

The Six-Day War of 1967, known as the Third Arab–Israeli War,was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the “neighboring” states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria. In the months prior to June 1967, tensions became dangerously heightened. In May Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser announced that the Straits of Tiran would be closed to Israeli vessels (a casus belli) and then mobilised its Egyptian forces along its border with Israel. On 5 June, Israel launched series of preemptive airstrikes against Egyptian airfields.

Map of the military movements and territorial changes during the Six-Day War. The territory of Israel before the war is colored royal blue on this map, while the territories captured by Israel during the war are depicted in light blue. Map: Nicolas Eynaud
Map of the military movements and territorial changes during the Six-Day War. The territory of Israel before the war is colored royal blue on this map, while the territories captured by Israel during the war are depicted in light blue.
Map: Nicolas Eynaud

Resolution 242

United Nations Security Council Resolution 242 was adopted unanimously by the UN Security Council on November 22, 1967, in the aftermath of the Six-Day War. The preamble refers to the “inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in the Middle East in which every State in the area can live in security”.

Operative Paragraph One “Affirms that the fulfillment of Charter principles requires the establishment of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East which should include the application of both the following principles:

(i) Withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from territories occupied in the recent conflict;
(ii) Termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgment of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every State in the area and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of force.”

Jewish Timeline – A Brief History of the Jewish People on One Page

Approved and recommended by the Israeli Ministry of Education.

6,000 Years of Jewish history & legacy at a glance on a one-page infographic.
The poster-chart combines different fields on a single timeline such as demography, literature, Jewish and World events, traditions, historical figures and more. Every entry on the timeline is a hot-spot that pops a balloon with an image, further reading and useful links (Wikipedia & more). In addition, you may freely download and print a high resolution version of the Odyeda Jewish Timeline in PDF format in white or parchment backgrounds.

About Israel and You

Cameling in the holy land since forever