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IsraelPalestine For Critical Thinkers: #12 War and Peace **

IsraelPalestine For Critical Thinkers: #12 War and Peace

In this episode of Israel-Palestine For Critical Thinkers, Richard Bass discusses the rise of the Palestine Liberation Organization and the different approaches taken by Arab leaders towards Israel.

The Yom Kippur War

The Yom Kippur War ( The Forth Arab–Israeli War) was a war fought from October 6 to 25, 1973, by an unsuccessful coalition of Arab states led by Egypt (to retake the Sinai Peninsula) and Syria (to regain the Golan Heights) against Israel – which they did not succeed to redeem with United Nations Security Council Resolution 242.

The war took place mostly in Sinai and the Golan—occupied by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War—with some fighting in African Egypt and northern Israel.

Yom_Kippur_War_map - Yom_Kippur_War_map - When the ceasefire came into effect, Israel had lost territory on the east side of the Suez Canal to Egypt , but gained territory west of the canal and in the Golan Heights .
Yom_Kippur_War_map – Yom_Kippur_War_map – When the ceasefire came into effect, Israel had lost territory on the east side of the Suez Canal to Egypt , but gained territory west of the canal and in the Golan Heights . Source of line drawing: Now-deleted image Jom kippur war.jpg which was originally uploaded to the polish Wikipedia at Jom kippur war.jpg — Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych Izraela, za zgodÄ… Ambasady Izraela w Polsce. Map: Raul654

The Golan Heights

The Golan Heights is a basaltic plateau bordered by the Yarmouk River in the south, the Sea of Galilee and Hula Valley in the west, the Anti-Lebanon with Mount Hermon in the north and Wadi Raqqad in the east – about 1,800 square kilometres.

A map of the fighting on the Golan Heights
A map of the fighting on the Golan Heights – Public Domain

Arab Oil Embargo

The 1973 oil crisis that began in October 1973 was targeted at nations perceived as supporting Israel during the Yom Kippur War. The initial nations targeted were Canada, Japan, the Netherlands, the UK and the USA, later extended to Portugal, Rhodesia and South Africa. By the end of the embargo in March 1974, the price of oil had risen from US$3 per barrel to nearly $12.

 

PLO – Palestine Liberation Organization

The Palestine Liberation Organization is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the “liberation of Palestine” through armed struggle, with much of its violence aimed at Israeli civilians. Note that this is before Israel freed the “West Bank”.

Orient House, the former PLO headquarters in Jerusalem Photo: Magister
Orient House, the former PLO headquarters in Jerusalem
Photo: Magister

Yasser Arafat

Yasser Arafat remains a controversial figure. The majority of the Palestinian people view him as a heroic freedom fighter who symbolized the national aspirations of his people. Conversely, most Israelis came to regard him as a corrupt, unrepentant terrorist.

PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat Photo: IsraelGovernment Press Office
PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat
Photo: Israel Government Press Office

Israel-Egyptian Peace Treaty 1979

Menachem Begin, Jimmy Carter and Anwar Sadat at Camp David, 1978
Menachem Begin, Jimmy Carter and Anwar Sadat at Camp David, 1978 – Public Domain

 

Jewish Timeline – A Brief History of the Jewish People on One Page

Approved and recommended by the Israeli Ministry of Education.

6,000 Years of Jewish history & legacy at a glance on a one-page infographic.
The poster-chart combines different fields on a single timeline such as demography, literature, Jewish and World events, traditions, historical figures and more. Every entry on the timeline is a hot-spot that pops a balloon with an image, further reading and useful links (Wikipedia & more). In addition, you may freely download and print a high resolution version of the Odyeda Jewish Timeline in PDF format in white or parchment backgrounds.

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