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The Biblical Era & Rise of Judaism *

Israel – Palestine For Critical Thinkers: #2

Israel-Palestine from the biblical era through the early years of Judaism, until the independent reign of the ancient Israel and Judaea ended with the destruction of the Temple at the hands of the Romans. The rise of Judea and Judaism, and how the Israelites battled against the neighboring in empires.

The history of all these empires retell the challenges of imperialism, slaughter and dispersion.

Children of Israel in Egypt (1867 painting by Edward Poynter)
Children of Israel in Egypt (1867 painting by Edward Poynter)

Egypt: The Book of Exodus tells how the Israelites leave slavery in Egypt led by their prophet Moses.

Sargon II (left) faces a high-ranking official, possibly Sennacherib his son and crown prince. 710-705 BCE. From Khorsabad, Iraq. The British Museum, London - Author:Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg)
Sargon II (left) faces a high-ranking official, possibly Sennacherib his son and crown prince. 710-705 BCE. From Khorsabad, Iraq. The British Museum, London – Author:Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg)

Assyria: Assyria was a Mesopotamian empire. It existed as a state as early as the 25th century BCE in the form of the Assur city-state, until between 612 BCE (or 609 BCE), spanning the Early to Middle Bronze Age through to the late Iron Age. Under Sargon II, the Assyrians completed the defeat of the Kingdom of Israel, capturing Samaria after a siege of three years and exiling the inhabitants.

A reconstruction of the blue-tiled Ishtar Gate which was the northern entrance to Babylon. It was named for the goddess of love and war. Bulls and dragons, symbols of the god Marduk, decorated the gate. Photo: Rictor Norton
A reconstruction of the blue-tiled Ishtar Gate which was the northern entrance to Babylon. It was named for the goddess of love and war. Bulls and dragons, symbols of the god Marduk, decorated the gate. Photo: Rictor Norton

Babylon: Babylon was a kingdom in ancient Mesopotamia on the Euphrates river. The first Babylonian state arose in the 18th and 19th centuries BCE.  Babylon became the capital of the Neo-Babylonian Empire from 609 to 539 BCE. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Alexander Mosaic, National Archaeological Museum, Naples
Alexander Mosaic, National Archaeological Museum, Naples

Greece: The Hellenistic period of Greece lasted from 323 BCE, (the end of the wars of Alexander the Great), to the annexation of Greece by the Roman Republic in 146 BC, ending of Greek political independence. Even under Roman rule there was continuity of Hellenistic society and culture. The Hellenistic culture remained unchanged until the advent of Christianity.

Extent of the Roman Empire under Augustus. The yellow legend represents the extent of the Republic in 31 BC, the shades of green represent gradually conquered territories under the reign of Augustus, and pink areas on the map represent client states; areas under Roman control shown here were subject to change even during Augustus' reign, especially in Germania. Author: Cristiano64 Judaism
Extent of the Roman Empire under Augustus. The yellow legend represents the extent of the Republic in 31 BC, the shades of green represent gradually conquered territories under the reign of Augustus, and pink areas on the map represent client states; areas under Roman control shown here were subject to change even during Augustus’ reign, especially in Germania.
Author: Cristiano64

Rome: The province of Judea fought several wars with Rome in its history. They are known as the Jewish–Roman Wars. The Temple of Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE during the Great Jewish Revolt. After Bar Kokhba’s revolt (132–135), the Emperor Hadrian changed the name of the province to Syria Palaestina (reviving the name of an ancient geographical entity Palestine) and the name of Jerusalem to Aelia Capitolina (in honor of his family-Aelius. This was an effort to wipe out all memory of the bond between the Jews and the land.

Biblical Era and Rise of Judaism

 

Jewish Timeline – A Brief History of the Jewish People on One Page

Approved and recommended by the Israeli Ministry of Education.

6,000 Years of Jewish history & legacy at a glance on a one-page infographic.
The poster-chart combines different fields on a single timeline such as demography, literature, Jewish and World events, traditions, historical figures and more.

Read more here:

Bibliography:

Ancient Egypt: Beyond the Pyramids

Babylon: Legend, History and the Ancient City

Empire of Ancient Greece

A Profile of Ancient Rome

About Israel and You

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