Nachal Pratzim (Nahal Perazim)
Nachal Pratzim is located in the Mishor Amiaz on Mt. Sodom. It is a very narrow gorge that was formed by flowing water eroding into the rather soft sedimentary rocks during the last 18,000 to 20,000 years.
We suggest you take the short circular, family friendly route in the gorge to the Flour Cave, about a 15min walk. You can safely follow the cave. Don’t forget to bring a flashlight to help explore the cave. You can walk it upright and the floor is level, cover with sand. It takes only a few minutes to reach the other end, where you leave the gorge by ascending a series of steps of white rock to the top of the gorge.
Free parking, no entrance fee
But be careful not to go in rainy weather as the gorge can become flooded very quickly.
Directions: Nahal Perazim is south-west of the Dead Sea, south of Neve Zohar, west of Mt. Sedom. By car from the Arava-Dead Sea road (Route 90), between kilometers 193 and 194, turn onto a poorly marked dirt roads for several kilometers, which leads to the Amiaz Plain. From the Amiaz Plain look for signs that point to Nachal Perazim or the Flour Cave. By jeep via Nachal Zohar.
Mitzpe Neve Zohar
Zohar Lookout is on the road between Neve Zohar and Arad there are two excellent lookout points where you can enjoy excellent views across the Dead Sea.
Neve Zohar was founded in 1964 as a work camp for Dead Sea factory workers. Most of the plant employees chose to move to larger nearby cities. Today Neve Zohar is a communal settlement on the junction of Highway 31 and Highway 90 (Zohar Junction), on the shores of the Dead Sea, only 23 km from Arad. It is the lowest village in the world. The offices of the Tamar Regional Council are maintained in Neve Zohar.
Neve Zohar serves as a tourist hub for close-by hotels in the Ein Bokek hotel complex and the hot sulphur springs of Zohar Hot Springs.
A Dead Sea museum, Beit Hayotzer, was erected with a fine panorama of the Dead Sea and a model of the rift valley. Unfortunately the building is now completely decrepit and run-down.
Mezad Zohar – Meitzad Zohar
Mezad Zohar is a Nabataean fortlet that was later held by the Byzantines. It is situated on a conical crag with magnificent scenery. It’s only a three-kilometer walk from the village. Mezad Zohar was either a part of a Roman line of defence against desert-based raiders, was constructed for economic reasons or was for tax collection from travellers.
Don’t forget comfortable walking shoes, a hat, sunscreen, and a sufficient quantity of water and food. Be sure to check weather reports for the possibility of flash floods before setting out to explore the region.
I love the way Google Maps (English) translates Zohar Fortress to “Glow Shunt”.