The Jewish Resistance Fighters Museum features an innovative display run by the Ministry of Defense describing the resistance fighters’ imprisonment, their life in prison, the Acre prison break and the story of Olei Hagardom (Zionist prisoners executed) by the British. During the British Mandate (1917-1948), the Ottoman citadel served as the main prison for the north of Israel. Members of all the Zionist Underground organizations (Haganah, Etzel and Lehi) were imprisoned here because of their struggle to establish a Jewish State and a national home in the Land of Israel. The first prisoner was Zeev Jabotinsky.
Etzel forces broke into the prison on May 4, 1947, to free the imprisoned freedom fighters. Forty-one prisoners were freed. Six released prisoners were killed in a battle that ensued outside of the prison walls and eight escapees were re-captured.
Nine condemned prisoners were hanged in the Citadel of Acre by the British: Shlomo Ben-Yosef, Mordechai Schwarcz, Dov Gruner, Yechiel Dov Dresner, Eliezer Kashani, Mordechai Elkachi, Yaakov Weiss, Avshalom Haviv and Meir Nakar .
Moshe Barazani and Meir Feinstein, sentenced in Acre were sent for execution in Jerusalem but commited suicide before their execution. Eliyahu Hakim and Eliyahu Bet-Zuri who assassinated Lord Moyne were executed in Cairo.
Approximately 100 Arabs were executed by the British at the Jerusalem prison during the Mandate.