IsraelPalestine For Critical Thinkers: #12 War and Peace
In this episode of Israel-Palestine For Critical Thinkers, Richard Bass discusses the rise of the Palestine Liberation Organization and the different approaches taken by Arab leaders towards Israel.
The Yom Kippur War
The Yom Kippur War ( The Forth Arab–Israeli War) was a war fought from October 6 to 25, 1973, by an unsuccessful coalition of Arab states led by Egypt (to retake the Sinai Peninsula) and Syria (to regain the Golan Heights) against Israel – which they did not succeed to redeem with United Nations Security Council Resolution 242.
The war took place mostly in Sinai and the Golan—occupied by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War—with some fighting in African Egypt and northern Israel.
The Golan Heights
The Golan Heights is a basaltic plateau bordered by the Yarmouk River in the south, the Sea of Galilee and Hula Valley in the west, the Anti-Lebanon with Mount Hermon in the north and Wadi Raqqad in the east – about 1,800 square kilometres.
Arab Oil Embargo
The 1973 oil crisis that began in October 1973 was targeted at nations perceived as supporting Israel during the Yom Kippur War. The initial nations targeted were Canada, Japan, the Netherlands, the UK and the USA, later extended to Portugal, Rhodesia and South Africa. By the end of the embargo in March 1974, the price of oil had risen from US$3 per barrel to nearly $12.
PLO – Palestine Liberation Organization
The Palestine Liberation Organization is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the “liberation of Palestine” through armed struggle, with much of its violence aimed at Israeli civilians. Note that this is before Israel freed the “West Bank”.
Yasser Arafat remains a controversial figure. The majority of the Palestinian people view him as a heroic freedom fighter who symbolized the national aspirations of his people. Conversely, most Israelis came to regard him as a corrupt, unrepentant terrorist.
Israel-Egyptian Peace Treaty 1979
Jewish Timeline – A Brief History of the Jewish People on One Page
Approved and recommended by the Israeli Ministry of Education.
6,000 Years of Jewish history & legacy at a glance on a one-page infographic.
The poster-chart combines different fields on a single timeline such as demography, literature, Jewish and World events, traditions, historical figures and more. Every entry on the timeline is a hot-spot that pops a balloon with an image, further reading and useful links (Wikipedia & more). In addition, you may freely download and print a high resolution version of the Odyeda Jewish Timeline in PDF format in white or parchment backgrounds.