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IsraelPalestine For Critical Thinkers: #14 Proposals and Withdrawals *

IsraelPalestine For Critical Thinkers: #14 Proposals and Withdrawals

In this episode of Israel-Palestine For Critical Thinkers, Richard Bass explores the peace negotiations in the early 2000s and the responses of the Arabs and Israel to the talks.

Camp David Accord: The Camp David Accords were a pair of political agreements signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David, the country retreat of the President of the United State. The two framework agreements were signed at the White House and were witnessed by President Jimmy Carter. The second of these frameworks led directly to the 1979 Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty. 

Menachem Begin, Jimmy Carter and Anwar Sadat at Camp David, 1978
Unknown author – US govt. archives

PA – Palestine National Authority: The Palestinian National Authority is the interim self-government body established in 1994 following the Gaza–Jericho Agreement to govern the Gaza Strip and Areas A and B of the West Bank, as a consequence of the 1993 Oslo Accords.

Coat of arms of Palestinian National Authority Public Domain

Taba: The Taba Summit were talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, held from 21 to 27 January 2001 at Taba, in the Sinai. They were peace talks aimed at enhancing the “final status” negotiations, to end the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. 

Israel–Palestine peace Photo:Wickey-nl –

Jerusalem Intifada: The Second Intifada was a period of intensified Israeli–Palestinian violence and a prolonged terror campaign perpetuated by the Palestinian National Authority. The violence started in September 2000, after Ariel Sharon made a visit to the Temple Mount, seen by Palestinians as highly provocative. Palestinian demonstrators threw stones at police and were dispersed by the Israeli army, using tear gas and rubber bullets. High numbers of casualties were caused among civilians as well as combatants. The Palestinians engaged in numerous suicide bombings, rock throwing and gunfire.

Dolphinarium Massacre memorial at the Tel Aviv Dolphinarium site with the names of the victims written in Russian Photo: Avi1111

Ariel Sharon: Ariel Sharon was an Israeli general and politician who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Israel from March 2001 until April 2006.

Ariel Sharon 1964 Public Domain

West Bank Security Barrier: The Israeli West Bank barrier or wall is a separation barrier in the West Bank or along the Green Line. 

Graffiti on the road to Bethlehem in the West Bank stating “Ich bin ein Berliner” Photo: Marc Venezia
(Kennedy made an embarrassing mistake by saying Ich bin ein Berliner. By not leaving out the indefinite article “ein,” he changed the meaning of the sentence from the intended “I am a citizen of Berlin” to “I am a Berliner” (a Berliner being a type of German pastry, similar to a jelly doughnut), amusing Germans throughout the city.)

Arab League: The Arab League is a regional organization in the Arab world, which is located in Africa and Western Asia. The Arab League was formed in Cairo on 22 March 1945 initially with six members: Egypt, Iraq, Jordan in 1949. Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria. Yemen joined as a member on 1945. Currently, the League has 22 members, but Syria’s participation has been suspended since November 2011.

Location of the Arab League Photo:Rob984 

Khartoum Resolution:The Khartoum Resolution of 1 September 1967 was issued at the conclusion of the 1967 Arab League summit convened in the wake of the Six-Day War, in Khartoum, the capital of Sudan. The summit was attended by eight Arab heads of state: Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Algeria, Kuwait, and Sudan. 

The resolution called for: a continued state of belligerency with Israel. It is famous for containing what became known as the “Three No’s“: “no peace with Israel, no recognition of Israel, no negotiations with it..

     Brown:Arab League in 1967      Green:Signatories      Blue: Signatories that later recognized Israel Map:Akhenaten0

Gaza Withdrawal: The Israeli disengagement from Gaza was the unilateral dismantling in 2005 of the 21 Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip and the evacuation of the settlers and Israeli army from inside the Gaza Strip.

Map of the Gaza Strip in May 2005, a few months prior to the Israeli withdrawal. The major settlement blocs were the blue-shaded regions of this map Public Domain

Jewish Timeline – A Brief History of the Jewish People on One Page

Approved and recommended by the Israeli Ministry of Education.

6,000 Years of Jewish history & legacy at a glance on a one-page infographic.
The poster-chart combines different fields on a single timeline such as demography, literature, Jewish and World events, traditions, historical figures and more. Every entry on the timeline is a hot-spot that pops a balloon with an image, further reading and useful links (Wikipedia & more). In addition, you may freely download and print a high resolution version of the Odyeda Jewish Timeline in PDF format in white or parchment backgrounds.

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