In cave near the 2,000 year-old ruins of Qumran, the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered by a young Bedouin shepherd in 1947 and excavated by archaeologists in 1949 triggering the beginning of an archaeological investigation of the area. The scrolls are the oldest manuscripts of the Bible ever found and are now found at the Israel Museum’s Shrine of the Book in Jerusalem.
Visitors can see the scribes writing room, agricultural facilities, a potters’ workshop, a dining hall, and a ritual bath. A short walk away there is a dramatic view of the cave in which most of the Dead Sea Scrolls were found. Were these people Essenes? That is a good question.
Deciphering the Qumran Dead Sea Scrolls