The Qassam Museum in Sderot, Israel displays one type of object: the Qassam rockets that Palestinians have fired into Israel. There are thousands of them. Since June, 2007 Hamas has governed Gaza, and is directly responsible for firing all those Qassam rockets into Israel. Rows of shelves piled high with the rusted, mangled hulls of crude rockets and mortars fired from the Gaza Strip.
Hamas’ 1988 charter calls for replacing the State of Israel with a Palestinian Islamic state in the area that is now Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip. Hamas does not recognize the right of Israel to exist. In 2008, the Sderot Qassam Museum served as the backdrop for Sen. Barack Obama to sound an unequivocal message: Israel must be allowed to defend itself.
Sderot was originally founded in 1951 as a transit camp called Gabim Dorot for Israeli immigrants, primarily from Kurdistan and Iran, who numbered 80 families. served as part of a chain of settlements designed to block infiltration from Gaza.
Najd (نجد ) was a Arab village, located 14 kilometers (8.7 mi) northeast of Gaza City. On 13 May 1948, Najd was occupied by the Negev Brigade as part of Operation Barak of the 1948 Israeli War of Independence , and the villagers were expelled and fled. Sderot is located on the land of the Arab village of Najd and also served as part of a chain of settlements designed to block infiltration from Gaza.